SACROILIAC JOINT PAIN
AND INJURY

What is it?
The sacroiliac joints are large joints located in the low back or buttock region. The sacroiliac joints are considered to cause pain in 10 to 27% of patients with low back complaints.

How does it occur?
The sacroiliac joints can be injured from trauma, such as a fall or car accident, when lifting, from repetitive injury and general wear and tear or arthritis.

What are the symptoms?
Sacroiliac joint pain is usually located in the buttock and occasionally with travel or radiate to the thigh.

How is it evaluated?
A history and physical examination will suggest sacroiliac joint conditions. X-rays can show arthritis or injuries. Injection of a local anesthetic medicine into the joint is the diagnostic test of choice.

How is it treated?
Sacroiliac joint pain is treated with activity modification, physical therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, joint injections with anesthetic and steroids and radiofrequency ablation of the sensory or feeling nerves to the sacroiliac joint.

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